GMAT Verbal Sentence Correction Practice

GMAT Sample Questions | Number Agreement | Tenses

This GMAT sample practice question is a verbal sentence correction question testing your understanding of Subject Verb Agreement, Tense and Vocabulary.

Question 4: Recently, hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets higher.

  1. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets higher
  2. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates have nudged financial markets to higher levels
  3. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets to higher levels
  4. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates nudged financial markets to higher levels
  5. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates nudged financial markets higher

Get to Q51 in GMAT Quant


Online GMAT Course
@ INR 2500


GMAT Coaching in Chennai


Starts Thu, July 4, 2019


Explanatory Answer

Step 1 of solving this GMAT Sentence Correction Question: Identifying What Is Tested
  • Looking at the options, it is evident that some of the options use the singular present perfect construction “has nudged”, some use the simple past “nudged” and one uses the plural present perfect “have nudged”. Also, some options end with the word “higher” and others with “to higher levels”.

Step 2 of solving this GMAT Sentence Correction Question: Understanding the Sentence
  • The subject of the sentence is the plural word “hopes”. Therefore, the singular “has nudged” would be incorrect.

  • The timeline in the sentence is “recently”. The sentence is describing something that began some time ago and is still happening. Because the word “recently” indicates that the action is not yet complete, the usage of the simple past “nudged” would be incorrect.

  • Because the sentence is discussing “financial markets”, “to higher levels” makes better sense because the markets are measured in index levels.

Step 3 of solving this GMAT Sentence Correction Question: Eliminating Options
  • Choices (A) and (C) can be eliminated for the usage of the singular verb “has nudged”, when the subject is the plural noun “hopes”. The usage of just the word “higher” is another reason to eliminate the option (A).

  • Choice (E) can be eliminated for the usage of both the simple past “nudged” and the construction “higher”.

  • Choice (D) uses the incorrect tense construction. The present perfect “have nudged” is the correct usage, given the timeline of the sentence.

Choice B is the correct answer.

 

GMAT Online Course - Quant
Try it free!

Register in 2 easy steps and
Start learning in 5 minutes!

★ Sign up for Free

Already have an Account?

★ Login to Continue

GMAT Coaching in Chennai

Next Weekday Batch
Starts Thu, July 4, 2019

★ GMAT Class Info

GMAT Coaching in Chennai

Sign up for a Free Demo of our GMAT Classes in Chennai

★ Schedule Demo


GMAT Sample Questions | Topicwise GMAT Questions


Where is Wizako located?

Wizako - GMAT, GRE, SAT Prep
An Ascent Education Initiative
48/1 Ramagiri Nagar
Velachery Taramani Link Road.,
Velachery, Chennai 600 042. India

How to reach Wizako?

Phone: (91) 44 4500 8484
Mobile: (91) 95000 48484
WhatsApp: WhatsApp Now
Email: learn@wizako.com
Leave A Message