This GMAT verbal sample question is a critical reasoning question. The task is to identify the answer option that does not strengthen the argument. A medium difficulty GMAT CR practice question.
It seems that medical care is constantly improving and is far better today than it was a few years ago. New medicines are being developed, and at a lower cost. Technological advancements are being made and new treatments are devised. However, hospital care has not improved as much as expected. Most hospitals do not have a large enough ER that can handle a sudden influx of patients and the number of people who die in a hospital due to reasons other than what they got admitted for is staggeringly high.
All of the following underscore the author's argument EXCEPT
The argument states that medical care has improved but that does not mean that the hospitals have become better. At first glance, it may look like the argument counters itself. However, the first few sentences are discussing the development of medical care and the last few sentences are specifically about hospital care.
The question asks us to identify the option that does NOT underscore, which is to strengthen, the author's argument. Not strengthening does not necessarily mean weakening the argument. So, find four options that strengthen and the one left out is the answer.
To strengthen the argument, we need to establish that hospitals are not so good and that people die in hospitals for reasons other than their illness.
Option (A) implies that the hospitals have the doctors do so much other work that patient care takes a backseat. This can be used to strengthen the author's argument that hospital care is not great. Therefore, option (A) can be eliminated.
If the hospitals recirculate air, making it easier for the diseases to spread, then that further justifies that people die of other diseases than the ones they get admitted for. Option (B) strengthens and can be eliminated.
If the doctors are not held accountable or held accountable for something other than patient care, then patient care takes a backseat. Both options (D) and (E) imply therefore, that the hospital care is not up to scratch.
The response time of ambulances do not reflect on extent of or quality of hospital care. This option does not weaken the argument nor does it strengthen. It is simply irrelevant to the discussion and Option C is therefore the answer.
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