GMAT Quant Practice | GMAT Set Theory Q4

COmplement of Union of 2 sets | Set Theory | GMAT Sample Questions

This GMAT Sample Math question is a problem solving question from Sets. Concept: Computing union of two overlapping sets and then finding its complement. An easy, GMAT sub 600 level, Set Theory sample question.

Question 4: In a class 40% of the students enrolled for Math and 70% enrolled for Economics. If 15% of the students enrolled for both Math and Economics, what % of the students of the class did not enroll for either of the two subjects?

  1. 5%
  2. 15%
  3. 0%
  4. 25%
  5. None of these

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Explanatory Answer | GMAT Set Theory Practice

Objective: Percentage of students who enrolled for neither of the two subjects

Let A be the set of students who enrolled for Math.
Let B be the set of students who enrolled for Economics.
(A ∪ B) is the set of students who have enrolled for at least one of the two subjects.
And (A ∩ B) is the set of students who have enrolled for both Math and Economics.

n(A ∪ B) = n(A) + n(B) - n(A ∩ B)

In this question, all n(A), n(B), n(A ∪ B), and (A ∩ B) are expressed in percentage terms.

n(A ∪ B) = 40 + 70 - 15 = 95%

That is 95% of the students have enrolled for at least one of the two subjects Math or Economics.

Therefore, the balance (100 - 95)% = 5% of the students have not enrolled for either of the two subjects.

Choice A is the correct answer.



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Additional Practice Questions in Set Theory

  1. Wizako's GRE Sample Question in Set Theory
  2. 2IIM's CAT Set Theory Practice Questions
  3. Ascent's Set Theory Questionbank

GMAT Sample Questions | Topicwise GMAT Questions


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