This GMAT Sample Math question is a problem solving question from Sets. Concept: Computing union of two overlapping sets and then finding its complement. An easy, GMAT sub 600 level, Set Theory sample question.

Question 4: In a class 40% of the students enrolled for Math and 70% enrolled for Economics. If 15% of the students enrolled for both Math and Economics, what % of the students of the class did not enroll for either of the two subjects?

- 5%
- 15%
- 0%
- 25%
- None of these

@ INR

Let A be the set of students who enrolled for Math.

Let B be the set of students who enrolled for Economics.

(A ∪ B) is the set of students who have enrolled for at least one of the two subjects.

And (A ∩ B) is the set of students who have enrolled for both Math and Economics.

n(A ∪ B) = n(A) + n(B) - n(A ∩ B)

In this question, all n(A), n(B), n(A ∪ B), and (A ∩ B) are expressed in percentage terms.

n(A ∪ B) = 40 + 70 - 15 = 95%

That is 95% of the students have enrolled for at least one of the two subjects Math or Economics.

Therefore, the balance (100 - 95)% = 5% of the students have not enrolled for either of the two subjects.

- GMAT Set Theory Practice | 650+ level PS question | Complement of Union of 3 sets
- GMAT Set Theory Practice Question | 600+ level question | Union and Intersection of 3 sets
- GMAT Set Theory | GMAT Sample Questions | GMAT Sub 600 Level Practice Question
- GMAT Set Theory | Overlapping Sets | GMAT 550 to 600 Level Sample Questions

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